Sciatica or a trapped nerve is the result of a neurological problem in the back or an entrapped nerve in the pelvis or buttock.
There are a set of neurological symptoms such as:
Pain (in the buttock area)
Radicular leg pain
Hot and cold or tingling’s or burning sensations in the legs
The type of pain from sciatica can vary from discomfort to sharp pain, numbness or it can feel like electric shocks.
To determine whether you suffer from sciatica, a clinician will conduct a number of physical and neurological tests as well as assess your medical history.
Ice or heat is often used in the treatment of sciatica. One of the best ways of utilising this would be to place heat or ice on the affected area for 20 minutes every 2 hours.
Analgesics are commonly prescribed for the treatment of Sciatica, however evidence from clinical trials suggests the relief of pain is limited.
For severe cases of sciatica an epidural steroid injection is often used. This treatment consists of an injection of a steroid in the affected area to reduce the inflammation and pain. The effects are temporary and can last from one week to a year.
For extreme cases of Sciatica elective surgery may also be an option. This surgery attempts to eliminate the underlying cause. When the underlying cause is lumbar spinal stenosis, a lumbar laminectomy surgery is recommended. With this surgery, the small portion of the bone and/or disc material that is pinching the nerve root is removed. In cases of where a disc is herniated, a microdescectomy is recommended. With this surgery, a small opening is created and with the use of magnification the portion of the herniated disc that is pinching the nerve is removed.
Massage therapy has also been proven to be useful with the treatment of back pain. It promotes blood circulation, muscle relaxation and the release of endorphins
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