Sciatica or a trapped nerve is the result of a neurological problem in the back or an entrapped nerve in the pelvis or buttock.
There are a set of neurological symptoms such as:
Pain (in the buttock area)
Radicular leg pain
Hot and cold or tingling’s or burning sensations in the legs
The type of pain from sciatica can vary, it can be sharp, feel like electric shocks, discomfort, or numbness.
A clinician can determine whether you suffer from sciatica by carrying out a diagnostic report of patient history and physical examination, also if they have a positive result in one or more neurological tests.
Ice or heat is often used in the treatment of sciatica. Heat or ice is usually placed on the affected area for 20 minutes every 2 hours.
Medications are commonly prescribed for the treatment of Sciatica but evidence from clinical trials, suggesting the use of analgesics to relieve pain is limited.
For severe cases of sciatica an epidural steroid injection is often used. This treatment consists of an injection of a steroid in the affected area to reduce the inflammation and pain. The effects are temporary and can last from one week to a year.
For extreme cases of Sciatica elective surgery may also be an option. This surgery attempts to eliminate the underlying. When the underlying cause is lumbar spinal stenosis, a lumbar laminectomy surgery is recommended. With this surgery, the small portion of the bone and/or disc material that is pinching the nerve root is removed. In cases of where a disc is herniated, a microdescectomy is recommended. With this surgery, a small opening is created and with the use of magnification the portion of the herniated disc that is pinching the nerve is removed.
Massage therapy has also been proven to be useful with the treatment of back pain. It promotes blood circulation, muscle relaxation and the release of endorphins
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