Knee pain can be caused by a sudden injury, an over use injury, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Knee pain can be localized to a specific area of the knee or be spread out to other parts of the body surrounding the knee.
Knee pain can be due to several things but normally involves the structures that surround the knee joint; knee cap (patella), femur, tibia, fibula, ligaments, meniscus and cartilage. Knee pain can affect people of all ages.
Knee pain can be presented in many ways due to the number of soft tissue structures located in the knee. Knee pain can be aggravated by many things, such as; exercise, rotational movements, high-intensity impact to just name a few.
Key signs of knee pain:
Reluctancy to weight bare
Reduced range of movement
During a clinical diagnosis, patient history and mechanism of injury are key components to find out which structures are damaged within your knee.
A selection of special tests can be performed on the knee to discover which structures are damaged and to what extent.
A Physiotherapist will be able to conduct this assessment on you to find out what the problem is.
In some cases refer onward for diagnostic imaging may be necessary.
Depending on the extent of the damage to the structures within the knee, there are different treatment methods.
RICE – rest, ice, compression and elevation is a great way to deal and manage acute knee pain at home.
In most cases Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation is adequate to deal with knee pain once the cause is known.
However, in some cases of knee pain there in need of surgical intervention to help with correcting the injured structures, followed by Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation.