Knee pain can be caused by a sudden injury, over use, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. It can be localised to a specific area of the knee or be spread out to other surrounding parts of the body.
Knee pain can be due to several things but normally involves the structures that surround the knee joint; knee cap (patella), femur, tibia, fibula, ligaments, meniscus and cartilage. It affect people of all ages.
It can be aggravated by many things, such as; exercise, rotational movements and high-intensity impact to name just a few.
Key signs of knee pain:
Reluctancy to weight bare
Reduced range of movement
During a clinical diagnosis, you will be asked about your medical history and mechanism of injury are key components to find out which structures are damaged within your knee.
A selection of special tests can be performed on the knee to discover which structures are damaged and to what extent.
A Physiotherapist will be able to conduct this assessment on you to find out what the problem is.
In some cases you will need to be referred for diagnostic imaging.
Depending on the extent of the damage to the structures within the knee, different treatment methods are needed.
RICE – rest, ice, compression and elevation is a great way to deal and manage acute knee pain at home.
In most cases Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation is adequate to deal with knee pain once the cause is known.
However, in some cases of pain in the knee, there is a need of surgical intervention to help with correcting the injured structures. Following surgery it is recommend that you Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation to get back to full fitness.
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