A bruise forms when the soft tissue of the body gets bumped/hit. When this happens small veins and capillaries under the skin sometimes break. This leads to the discolouration of the skin. As the blood cells, deep beneath the skin collects near the surface of the skin, it results in a black and blue mark.



Why Do We Get Bruises?


Bruises can occur in some people who exercise vigorously, such as athletes and weight lifters. These bruises result from microscopic tears in blood vessels under the skin.

Unexplained bruises that occur easily or for no apparent reason may indicate a bleeding disorder, especially if the bruising is accompanied by frequent nosebleeds or bleeding gums .

What are thought to be unexplained bruises on the shin or the thigh, for example, are normally a result from bumps into a bedpost or other objects and failing to recall the injury.

Bruises in elderly people frequently occur because their skin has become thinner with age. The tissues that support the underlying blood vessels have become more fragile.

Bruises are also more common in those taking medicine to thin the blood.



Symptoms of a Bruise


Initially, a fresh bruise may be reddish. It will then turn blue or dark purple within a few hours, then yellow or green after a few days as it heals.

A bruise is commonly tender, and sometimes even painful for the first few days, but the pain usually goes away as the colour fades.

With a bruise there is no risk of infection, because the skin is not broken.



The human body is a magnificent thing



Home Remedies for Bruises

The treatment for a bruise is most effective right after the injury, while the bruise is still reddish.

A cold compress – an ice pack or a bag of frozen vegetables should be applied to the affected area for 20-30 minutes in order to speed healing and reduce swelling. Do not apply ice directly to the skin. Wrap the ice pack in a towel.

When a bruise takes up a large area of the leg or foot, the leg should be kept elevated as much as possible during the first 24 hours after the injury.

Avoid aspirin or ibuprofen because they slow the blood from clotting and may, in fact, prolong the bleeding.

After about 48 hours, heat in the form of a warm washcloth applied to the bruise for 10 minutes or so two to three times a day. This may increase blood flow to the bruised area, allowing the skin to reabsorb the blood more quickly. Ultimately, the bruise will fade in colour.



Here at Comfort Health

Here at Comfort Health we offer a range of treatments that can help with bruising – one of which is K tape.

The image below shows how K tape has help to bring out the bruising in Physiotherapist Jenny’s hip after falling from her road bike.

If you have a bruise and think K tape could help with your recovery, click here to get booked in today to see one of our practitioners.